The oldest traces of human existence from the Paleolithic era
were discovered at the Cave of Petralona in Chalkidiki, where a
fossilized head of a Neanderthal man was found.
Ever since that time, Macedonia has been at the epicentre of
history, power, and wealth, not to mention art and the simple
This is a region of fertile plains crossed by many rivers, some
of which bear gold dust. It also has more ecologically
interesting lakes than any other part of Greece.
The Macedonian mountains were chosen by the gods as their
dwelling place, and on their highest peak, Olympos, the ruler of
the gods set his throne.
Thessaloniki, the capital of Macedonia, Greece’s second city,
has a continous history dating back more than 2,300 years.
Extraordinary monuments reflecting its brilliant past, including
beautiful Byzantine churches, may be seen throughout the city,
in a blend
old and modern, simple and complex, where every era has its own
character and charm.
Thessaloniki was also the second most important city of
Byzantium after Constantinople and major outpost of the Roman
Its Archaeological Museum contains finds unearthed in the
region, witnesses to the power that had its source here and was
embodied in its most famous son, Alexander the Great, who made
Macedonia ruler of the known world. His beauty, talents, and
burning ambition changed the course of human history. Pella,
Vergina and Dion demonstrate the archaeological dimension of
Macedonia to the modern visitor.
But if Olympos was the home of the gods of antiquity, another
Macedonian mountain, Mt. Athos, became the cradle of Orthodox
monasticism. Here men have rejected worldly things and have
dedicated themselves to spiritual salvation and the closest
possible identification with God for more than 11 centuries.
This majestic mountain is both a sanctuary for the soul and a
place of prayer.