According to a text by the historian Procopius, loanina was
founded in 527 by the emperor Justinian.
Its first period of prosperity began in 1204 when Michael
Komninos founded the Despotate of Epirus and Ioannina was
established as the regionís intellectual centre. In 1430 it
surrendered to the Turks.
During the reign of Ali Pasha (1788-1822), it enjoyed a new
period of economic and intellectual growth, as his court became
a pole of attraction for restless spirits (Kollettis, Vilaras,
etc.) and future military leaders of a revolutionary Greece (Karaiskakis,
Botsaris, Androutsos, etc.).
But for Ioannina the modern era of its long history did not
really begin until its liberation by the Greek army on 12
February 1913 and Epirus became part of the Greek state.