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The capital of this prefecture is Edessa, built in the foothills of Mt. Vermion, with a view over the plain, lush greenery, flower – filled gardens and plenty of water. Edessa’s celebrated waterfall is to be found to the northeast of town, in a thickly wooded area with a stunning view. Under the largest cataract there is a small cave with a chapel dedicated to the Ascension (Analipsi). Five kilometers from here is the village of Agras, which took its name from the Macedonian warrior Tellos Agras. One of Greece’s biggest hydroelectric plants is located here. The lake that feeds the plant, which covers an area of 1,000,000 sq. m., has become a habitat for wild ducks and swans.

A town famed for its fruit and red peppers is Aridea, while Skidra is considered among the largest fruit-producing centres of Greece.

Another town with an abundance of water is Arnissa, built on the lower slopes of Kaimaktsalan, in front of the lake Vegoritis.

Finally, we have Gianitsa, the biggest city in the prefecture and an important agricultural and animal breeding center.

The villages of Palia & Nea Pela lie just 4 kilometers away, with the ruins of ancient Pela spead out between them. It was here that during the reign of Archelaos (413-399 B.C.) that Pela became the capital of the Macedonian kingdom. He built a new palace and invited Zeuxis, the greatest painter of the day, to decorate it. Both Philip II and Alexander the Great spent some time here.

By the 4th century B.C., the new capital had become the most important political, economic and administrative center of the Macedonian Kingdom.

Excavations here have unearthed portions of the walls, the palace, the sanctuaries of Aphrodite, Demeter and Cybele, the marketplace, cemetery and several houses. In two of these houses, which date to the late 4th century B.C., mosaic floors of exceptional quality have been found; they are perhaps the finest examples of the art yet discovered (on display in the museum). 

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